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Die Egypt war ein in Dienst gestelltes Passagierschiff der britischen Reederei Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, das Passagiere, Fracht und Post von Großbritannien nach Indien beförderte. Am Egypt steht für: Ägypten (englisch); Egypt (Schiff), Passagierschiff der britischen Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company; Egypt (Stoner Band), eine. Die Egypt war ein in Dienst gestelltes Passagierschiff der britischen Reederei Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O), das Passagiere. Beispiele: [1] Cairo is the capital of Egypt. Kairo ist die Hauptstadt von Ägypten. Wortbildungen: Egyptian. Aktuelle Info. Sehr geehrte Mitglieder und Kunden der Deutsch-Arabischen Industrie- und Handelskammer / DEinternational Egypt Ltd.,. Nach sechs Wochen​.

Egypt

Egypt is a destination, transit and country of origin for migration. It is the most populous Arab country, a third of whom younger than 15 years. Fuelled by both the. Ihre Privatsphäre. Wenn Sie unsere Website besuchen, so kann diese Informationen aus Ihrem Browser, meist in Form von Cookies, abrufen oder speichern. Many translated example sentences containing "Egypt" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Egypt is a destination, transit and country of origin for migration. It is the most populous Arab country, a third of whom younger than 15 years. Fuelled by both the. Ihre Privatsphäre. Wenn Sie unsere Website besuchen, so kann diese Informationen aus Ihrem Browser, meist in Form von Cookies, abrufen oder speichern. Many translated example sentences containing "in Egypt" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Many translated example sentences containing "Egypt" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Since Egypt became an IOM Member State in , cooperation between IOM and the Egyptian Government has grown manifold. Throughout this period, IOM's​. In addition, ful medames mashed fava beans is one of the most popular dishes. For other uses, see Egypt disambiguation. It broke diplomatic relations with Italy inbut never declared war, PrГ¤sentationshintergrГјnde Grau when the Italian army invaded Egypt. Archived from the original on 12 December Libya 20 Jul GMT.

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The Pyramids of Egypt - How and Why - Naked Science Documentary (Full)

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Mitglieder Mitgliedschaft. HR Workshop Jetzt Bildergalerie ansehen. Hazem Emam back home Read more. In , IOM opened its Country Office for Egypt in Cairo to assist third-country nationals forcefully displaced by the Gulf War through voluntary repatriation, or resettlement in third countries. Industry 4. Zur Rettungsausrüstung gehörten 18 RettungsbojenSchwimmwesten sowie 18 Rettungsboote mit Platz für Menschen. Beste Spielothek in Westleven finden Zweck diente sie von August bis Juni Sprint Methodology - A design sprint is a five-phase framework that helps answer critical business questions through Egypt prototyping and user testing of a concept. Mai sank Stefan Wirtz Koch Egypt nach einer Kollision mit einem Frachter vor der französischen Küste, wobei 87 Menschen ums Leben kamen. März Morgenrunde Jetzt Bildergalerie ansehen. Der Nebel war allerdings so dicht, dass die Besatzung nicht einschätzen konnte, aus welcher Richtung das Signal kam und wie weit das Schiff entfernt war. Das Board of Trade belastete auch den Kapitän der Seinele Barzic, den es beschuldigte, den Überlebenden zu spät Beste Spielothek in KohlfuГџ finden Hilfe gekommen zu sein. Previous Pause Next. November Morgenrunde Jetzt Gatehub Deutsch ansehen. Collyer wurde für sechs Monate von seinem Posten als Kapitän suspendiert. Die Seine nahm die Überlebenden auf und brachte sie nach Brest. Kurz danach war das C-Date Login eines anderen Schiffs zu hören, das Comdirrect näher zu kommen schien.

At Istanbul meeting, Russia and Turkey agree to push for a ceasefire but Ankara says eastern commander must retreat. Ethiopia 22 Jul GMT.

Ethiopian PM said early filling of the massive dam was completed without 'causing harm to anyone'. Coronavirus pandemic 22 Jul GMT.

Egyptian authorities have done little to improve conditions for prisoners amid coronavirus pandemic, rights groups say. Africa 21 Jul GMT. Ethiopia 21 Jul GMT.

Virtual meeting attended by leaders from Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan to be held under the auspices of the African Union. Libya 20 Jul GMT. Move comes as Libya gov't and Turkey demand an end of foreign intervention in support of commander Khalifa Haftar.

Egypt 20 Jul GMT. Rights group says its report based on witness accounts, leaked letters from prisons and reports by local rights groups.

Egypt 16 Jul GMT. After conflicting reports, Ethiopia says it is not deliberately filling Blue Nile mega dam, points to heavy rainfall.

Ethiopia 15 Jul GMT. Development comes as latest round of talks between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia on contentious dam ended with no agreement. Media 15 Jul GMT.

Libya 14 Jul GMT. Call comes after Turkish support helped internationally recognised gov't drive Haftar's forces from Libya's northwest.

A member constitution committee was formed for modifying the constitution which was later published for public voting and was adopted on 18 January In , Freedom House rated political rights in Egypt at 5 with 1 representing the most free and 7 the least , and civil liberties at 5, which gave it the freedom rating of "Partly Free".

Egyptian nationalism predates its Arab counterpart by many decades, having roots in the 19th century and becoming the dominant mode of expression of Egyptian anti-colonial activists and intellectuals until the early 20th century.

Egypt has the oldest continuous parliamentary tradition in the Arab world. It was disbanded as a result of the British occupation of , and the British allowed only a consultative body to sit.

In , however, after the country's independence was declared, a new constitution provided for a parliamentary monarchy.

The legal system is based on Islamic and civil law particularly Napoleonic codes ; and judicial review by a Supreme Court, which accepts compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction only with reservations.

Islamic jurisprudence is the principal source of legislation. Sharia courts and qadis are run and licensed by the Ministry of Justice.

In a family court, a woman's testimony is worth half of a man's testimony. On 26 December , the Muslim Brotherhood attempted to institutionalise a controversial new constitution.

The Penal code was unique as it contains a " Blasphemy Law. Several Americans and Canadians were sentenced to death in On 18 January , the interim government successfully institutionalised a more secular constitution.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is one of the longest-standing bodies for the defence of human rights in Egypt.

D student from the University of Cambridge studying trade unions and worker's rights in the country, was found brutally murdered in Cairo after he went missing in January of the same year.

Subsequently, Italy withdrew its ambassador to Egypt. Egyptian law enforcement produced conflicting information on the fate of the Italian citizen, which was unacceptable to Italian investigators.

As a result, the Italian press and foreign ministry pointed at the systematic human rights violations in Egypt, and threatened with political sanctions unless police leadership and practices undergo significant revisions.

Coptic Christians face discrimination at multiple levels of the government, ranging from underrepresentation in government ministries to laws that limit their ability to build or repair churches.

Clashes continued between police and supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi. During violent clashes that ensued as part of the August sit-in dispersal , protesters were killed [] with 14 August becoming the single deadliest day in Egypt's modern history.

Egypt actively practices capital punishment. Egypt's authorities do not release figures on death sentences and executions, despite repeated requests over the years by human rights organisations.

Sentenced supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi were to be executed for their alleged role in violence following his removal in July The judgement was condemned as a violation of international law.

After Morsi was ousted by the military, the judiciary system aligned itself with the new government, actively supporting the repression of Muslim Brotherhood members.

This resulted in a sharp increase in mass death sentences that arose criticism from then-U. Homosexuality is illegal in Egypt. In , Cairo was voted the most dangerous megacity for women with more than 10 million inhabitants in a poll by Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Sexual harassment was described as occurring on a daily basis. Some critics of the government have been arrested for allegedly spreading false information about the COVID pandemic in Egypt.

The military is influential in the political and economic life of Egypt and exempts itself from laws that apply to other sectors. It enjoys considerable power, prestige and independence within the state and has been widely considered part of the Egyptian " deep state ".

Trump praised al-Sisi in what was reported as a public relations victory for the Egyptian president, and signaled it was time for a normalization of the relations between Egypt and the US.

The Egyptian military has dozens of factories manufacturing weapons as well as consumer goods. The Armed Forces' inventory includes equipment from different countries around the world.

Equipment from the former Soviet Union is being progressively replaced by more modern US, French, and British equipment, a significant portion of which is built under license in Egypt, such as the M1 Abrams tank.

Relations with China have also improved considerably. In , Egypt and China established a bilateral "comprehensive strategic partnership".

The permanent headquarters of the Arab League are located in Cairo and the body's secretary general has traditionally been Egyptian. This position is currently held by former foreign minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit.

Gulf monarchies, including the United Arab Emirates [] and Saudi Arabia , [] have pledged billions of dollars to help Egypt overcome its economic difficulties since the overthrow of Morsi.

Following the war and the subsequent peace treaty, Egypt became the first Arab nation to establish diplomatic relations with Israel.

Despite that, Israel is still widely considered as a hostile state by the majority of Egyptians.

Tensions with Iran are mostly due to Egypt's peace treaty with Israel and Iran's rivalry with traditional Egyptian allies in the Gulf.

It is also a member of the Organisation internationale de la francophonie , since In , Egypt was estimated to have two million African refugees, including over 20, Sudanese nationals registered with UNHCR as refugees fleeing armed conflict or asylum seekers.

Egypt adopted "harsh, sometimes lethal" methods of border control. Egypt is divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions.

The regions contain towns and villages. Each governorate has a capital, sometimes carrying the same name as the governorate.

Egypt's economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism; there are also more than three million Egyptians working abroad, mainly in Libya , Saudi Arabia , the Persian Gulf and Europe.

The completion of the Aswan High Dam in and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honoured place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.

A rapidly growing population, limited arable land , and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress the economy. The government has invested in communications and physical infrastructure.

Egypt's economy mainly relies on these sources of income: tourism, remittances from Egyptians working abroad and revenues from the Suez Canal.

Egypt has a developed energy market based on coal, oil, natural gas , and hydro power. Substantial coal deposits in the northeast Sinai are mined at the rate of about , tonnes , long tons; , short tons per year.

Oil and gas are produced in the western desert regions, the Gulf of Suez , and the Nile Delta. In , the Egyptian General Petroleum Co EGPC said the country will cut exports of natural gas and tell major industries to slow output this summer to avoid an energy crisis and stave off political unrest, Reuters has reported.

Egypt is counting on top liquid natural gas LNG exporter Qatar to obtain additional gas volumes in summer, while encouraging factories to plan their annual maintenance for those months of peak demand, said EGPC chairman, Tarek El Barkatawy.

Egypt produces its own energy, but has been a net oil importer since and is rapidly becoming a net importer of natural gas. Economic conditions have started to improve considerably, after a period of stagnation, due to the adoption of more liberal economic policies by the government as well as increased revenues from tourism and a booming stock market.

In its annual report, the International Monetary Fund IMF has rated Egypt as one of the top countries in the world undertaking economic reforms.

Although one of the main obstacles still facing the Egyptian economy is the limited trickle down of wealth to the average population, many Egyptians criticise their government for higher prices of basic goods while their standards of living or purchasing power remains relatively stagnant.

Corruption is often cited by Egyptians as the main impediment to further economic growth. The information technology IT sector has expanded rapidly in the past few years, with many start-ups selling outsourcing services to North America and Europe, operating with companies such as Microsoft, Oracle and other major corporations, as well as many small and medium size enterprises.

The IT sector has been stimulated by new Egyptian entrepreneurs with government encouragement. An estimated 2. Tourism is one of the most important sectors in Egypt's economy.

More than The Giza Necropolis is one of Egypt's best-known tourist attractions; it is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.

Egypt's beaches on the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, which extend to over 3, kilometres 1, miles , are also popular tourist destinations; the Gulf of Aqaba beaches, Safaga , Sharm el-Sheikh , Hurghada , Luxor , Dahab , Ras Sidr and Marsa Alam are popular sites.

Transport in Egypt is centred around Cairo and largely follows the pattern of settlement along the Nile.

It is considered one of the most important recent projects in Egypt which cost around 12 billion Egyptian pounds.

The system consists of three operational lines with a fourth line expected in the future. EgyptAir , which is now the country's flag carrier and largest airline, was founded in by Egyptian industrialist Talaat Harb , today owned by the Egyptian government.

The airline is based at Cairo International Airport , its main hub, operating scheduled passenger and freight services to more than 75 destinations in the Middle East , Europe , Africa , Asia , and the Americas.

The Current EgyptAir fleet includes 80 aeroplanes. The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt considered the most important centre of the maritime transport in the Middle East , connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

Opened in November after 10 years of construction work, it allows ship transport between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa.

The canal is It contains no locks; seawater flows freely through the canal. In general, the canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in winter and south in summer.

The current south of the lakes changes with the tide at Suez. On 26 August a proposal was made for opening a New Suez Canal.

Work on the New Suez Canal was completed in July Over that period, Egypt achieved the elimination of open defecation in rural areas and invested in infrastructure.

About one half of the population is connected to sanitary sewers. Partly because of low sanitation coverage about 17, children die each year because of diarrhoea.

This in turn requires government subsidies even for operating costs, a situation that has been aggravated by salary increases without tariff increases after the Arab Spring.

Poor operation of facilities, such as water and wastewater treatment plants, as well as limited government accountability and transparency, are also issues.

Due to the absence of appreciable rainfall, Egypt's agriculture depends entirely on irrigation. The main source of irrigation water is the river Nile of which the flow is controlled by the high dam at Aswan.

In the Nile valley and delta, almost 33, square kilometres 13, sq mi of land benefit from these irrigation waters producing on average 1. Egypt is the most populated country in the Arab world and the third most populous on the African continent , with about 95 million inhabitants as of [update].

Egypt's people are highly urbanised, being concentrated along the Nile notably Cairo and Alexandria , in the Delta and near the Suez Canal.

Egyptians are divided demographically into those who live in the major urban centres and the fellahin , or farmers, that reside in rural villages.

While emigration was restricted under Nasser, thousands of Egyptian professionals were dispatched abroad in the context of the Arab Cold War.

Ethnic Egyptians are by far the largest ethnic group in the country, constituting There are also tribal Beja communities concentrated in the southeasternmost corner of the country, and a number of Dom clans mostly in the Nile Delta and Faiyum who are progressively becoming assimilated as urbanisation increases.

Some 5 million immigrants live in Egypt, mostly Sudanese , "some of whom have lived in Egypt for generations. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimated that the total number of "people of concern" refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless people was about , In , the number of registered Syrian refugees in Egypt was ,, a decrease from the previous year.

The once-vibrant and ancient Greek and Jewish communities in Egypt have almost disappeared , with only a small number remaining in the country, but many Egyptian Jews visit on religious or other occasions and tourism.

Several important Jewish archaeological and historical sites are found in Cairo, Alexandria and other cities. The official language of the Republic is Arabic.

Additionally, Greek , Armenian and Italian , and more recently, African languages like Amharic and Tigrigna are the main languages of immigrants.

The main foreign languages taught in schools, by order of popularity, are English , French , German and Italian. Historically Egyptian was spoken, of which the latest stage is Coptic Egyptian.

Spoken Coptic was mostly extinct by the 17th century but may have survived in isolated pockets in Upper Egypt as late as the 19th century.

It remains in use as the liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Egypt is a predominantly Sunni Muslim country with Islam as its state religion.

The percentage of adherents of various religions is a controversial topic in Egypt. Egypt was a Christian country before the 7th century, and after Islam arrived, the country was gradually Islamised into a majority-Muslim country.

Egypt emerged as a centre of politics and culture in the Muslim world. Under Anwar Sadat , Islam became the official state religion and Sharia the main source of law.

There is also a Shi'a minority. Non-native Christian communities are largely found in the urban regions of Cairo and Alexandria, such as the Syro-Lebanese , who belong to Greek Catholic , Greek Orthodox , and Maronite Catholic denominations.

Ethnic Greeks also made up a large Greek Orthodox population in the past. Likewise, Armenians made up the then larger Armenian Orthodox and Catholic communities.

Egypt also used to have a large Roman Catholic community, largely made up of Italians and Maltese.

These non-native communities were much larger in Egypt before the Nasser regime and the nationalisation that took place. Egypt hosts the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

It was founded back in the first century, considered to be the largest church in the country. Egypt is also the home of Al-Azhar University founded in CE, began teaching in CE , which is today the world's "most influential voice of establishment Sunni Islam" and is, by some measures, the second-oldest continuously operating university in world.

Egypt recognises only three religions: Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. A court ruling allowed members of unrecognised faiths to obtain identification and leave the religion field blank.

Egypt is a recognised cultural trend-setter of the Arabic-speaking world. Contemporary Arabic and Middle-Eastern culture is heavily influenced by Egyptian literature, music, film and television.

Egypt gained a regional leadership role during the s and s, giving a further enduring boost to the standing of Egyptian culture in the Arabic-speaking world.

Egyptian identity evolved in the span of a long period of occupation to accommodate Islam , Christianity and Judaism; and a new language, Arabic , and its spoken descendant, Egyptian Arabic which is also based on many Ancient Egyptian words.

The work of early 19th century scholar Rifa'a al-Tahtawi renewed interest in Egyptian antiquity and exposed Egyptian society to Enlightenment principles.

Tahtawi co-founded with education reformer Ali Mubarak a native Egyptology school that looked for inspiration to medieval Egyptian scholars, such as Suyuti and Maqrizi , who themselves studied the history , language and antiquities of Egypt.

They forged a liberal path for Egypt expressed as a commitment to personal freedom, secularism and faith in science to bring progress. The Egyptians were one of the first major civilisations to codify design elements in art and architecture.

Egyptian blue , also known as calcium copper silicate is a pigment used by Egyptians for thousands of years. It is considered to be the first synthetic pigment.

The wall paintings done in the service of the Pharaohs followed a rigid code of visual rules and meanings. Egyptian civilisation is renowned for its colossal pyramids , temples and monumental tombs.

Well-known examples are the Pyramid of Djoser designed by ancient architect and engineer Imhotep , the Sphinx , and the temple of Abu Simbel.

Modern and contemporary Egyptian art can be as diverse as any works in the world art scene, from the vernacular architecture of Hassan Fathy and Ramses Wissa Wassef , to Mahmoud Mokhtar 's sculptures, to the distinctive Coptic iconography of Isaac Fanous.

The Cairo Opera House serves as the main performing arts venue in the Egyptian capital. Egyptian literature traces its beginnings to ancient Egypt and is some of the earliest known literature.

Indeed, the Egyptians were the first culture to develop literature as we know it today, that is, the book. Egyptian novelists and poets were among the first to experiment with modern styles of Arabic literature , and the forms they developed have been widely imitated throughout the Arab world.

Egyptian women writers include Nawal El Saadawi , well known for her feminist activism , and Alifa Rifaat who also writes about women and tradition.

Egyptian media are highly influential throughout the Arab World , attributed to large audiences and increasing freedom from government control.

Egyptian cinema became a regional force with the coming of sound. In , Studio Misr , financed by industrialist Talaat Harb , emerged as the leading Egyptian studio, a role the company retained for three decades.

Actors from all over the Arab world seek to appear in the Egyptian cinema for the sake of fame. The Cairo International Film Festival has been rated as one of 11 festivals with a top class rating worldwide by the International Federation of Film Producers' Associations.

Egyptian music is a rich mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African and Western elements. It has been an integral part of Egyptian culture since antiquity.

The ancient Egyptians credited one of their gods Hathor with the invention of music , which Osiris in turn used as part of his effort to civilise the world.

Egyptians used music instruments since then. Contemporary Egyptian music traces its beginnings to the creative work of people such as Abdu al-Hamuli , Almaz and Mahmoud Osman, who influenced the later work of Sayed Darwish , Umm Kulthum , Mohammed Abdel Wahab and Abdel Halim Hafez whose age is considered the golden age of music in Egypt and the whole Arab world.

Today, Egypt is often considered the home of belly dance. Egyptian belly dance has two main styles — raqs baladi and raqs sharqi.

There are also numerous folkloric and character dances that may be part of an Egyptian-style belly dancer's repertoire, as well as the modern shaabi street dance which shares some elements with raqs baladi.

Egypt has one of the oldest civilisations in the world. It has been in contact with many other civilisations and nations and has been through so many eras, starting from prehistoric age to the modern age, passing through so many ages such as; Pharonic, Roman, Greek, Islamic and many other ages.

Because of this wide variation of ages, the continuous contact with other nations and the big number of conflicts Egypt had been through, at least 60 museums may be found in Egypt, mainly covering a wide area of these ages and conflicts.

The Grand Egyptian Museum GEM , also known as the Giza Museum, is an under construction museum that will house the largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts in the world, it has been described as the world's largest archaeological museum.

The Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty announced in May that the museum will be partially opened in May Egypt celebrates many festivals and religious carnivals, also known as mulid.

They are usually associated with a particular Coptic or Sufi saint, but are often celebrated by Egyptians irrespective of creed or religion.

Ramadan has a special flavour in Egypt, celebrated with sounds, lights local lanterns known as fawanees and much flare that many Muslim tourists from the region flock to Egypt to witness during Ramadan.

Egyptian cuisine is notably conducive to vegetarian diets, as it relies heavily on legume and vegetable dishes.

Although food in Alexandria and the coast of Egypt tends to use a great deal of fish and other seafood, for the most part Egyptian cuisine is based on foods that grow out of the ground.

Meat has been very expensive for most Egyptians throughout history, so a great number of vegetarian dishes have been developed. Some consider kushari a mixture of rice, lentils, and macaroni to be the national dish.

Fried onions can be also added to kushari. In addition, ful medames mashed fava beans is one of the most popular dishes.

Garlic fried with coriander is added to molokhiya , a popular green soup made from finely chopped jute leaves, sometimes with chicken or rabbit. Football is the most popular national sport of Egypt.

The Cairo Derby is one of the fiercest derbies in Africa, and the BBC picked it as one of the 7 toughest derbies in the world. They're known as the " African Club of the Century ".

With twenty titles, Al Ahly is currently the world's most successful club in terms of international trophies, surpassing Italy's A.

Milan and Argentina's Boca Juniors , both having eighteen. The Egyptian national football team , known as the Pharaohs, won the African Cup of Nations seven times, including three times in a row in , , and Egypt was 4th place in the football tournament in the and the Olympics.

Squash and tennis are other popular sports in Egypt. The Egyptian squash team has been competitive in international championships since the s.

Amr Shabana and Ramy Ashour are Egypt's best players and both were ranked the world's number one squash player.

Egypt has won the Squash World Championships four times, with the last title being in In , the national handball team achieved its best result in the tournament by reaching fourth place.

Among all African nations, the Egypt national basketball team holds the record for best performance at the Basketball World Cup and at the Summer Olympics.

Egypt has taken part in the Summer Olympic Games since and hosted and Alexandria h the first Mediterranean Games in Egypt has hosted several international competitions.

On Friday 19 September , Guinness World Records announced that Egyptian scuba diver Ahmed Gabr is the new title holder for deepest salt water scuba dive , at The hour feat took Gabr 1, feet metres down into the abyss near the Egyptian town of Dahab in the Red Sea , where he works as a diving instructor.

On 1 September Raneem El Weleily was ranked as the world number one woman squash player. The wired and wireless telecommunication industry in Egypt started in with the launch of the country's first telegram line connecting Cairo and Alexandria.

The first telephone line between the two cities was installed in Egypt Post is the company responsible for postal service in Egypt.

Established in , it is one of the oldest governmental institutions in the country. Egypt is one of 21 countries that contributed to the establishment of the Universal Postal Union , initially named the General Postal Union, as signatory of the Treaty of Bern.

In September , Egypt ratified the law granting authorities the right to monitor social media users in the country as part of tightening internet controls.

The illiteracy rate has decreased since from A European-style education system was first introduced in Egypt by the Ottomans in the early 19th century to nurture a class of loyal bureaucrats and army officers.

In the s, President Nasser phased in free education for all Egyptians. Basic education, which includes six years of primary and three years of preparatory school, is a right for Egyptian children from the age of six.

General secondary education prepares students for further education, and graduates of this track normally join higher education institutes based on the results of the Thanaweya Amma , the leaving exam.

Technical secondary education has two strands, one lasting three years and a more advanced education lasting five. Graduates of these schools may have access to higher education based on their results on the final exam, but this is generally uncommon.

Egyptian life expectancy at birth was Egypt spends 3. In , there were As a result of modernisation efforts over the years, Egypt's healthcare system has made great strides forward.

Life expectancy increased from According to the World Health Organization in , an estimated In the law was amended to impose tougher penalties on those convicted of performing the procedure, pegging the highest jail term at 15 years.

Those who escort victims to the procedure can also face jail terms up to 3 years. The total number of Egyptians with health insurance reached 37 million in , of which 11 million are minors, providing an insurance coverage of approximately 52 percent of Egypt's population.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Egypt disambiguation. Country spanning Northern Africa and Western Asia. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.

In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation". It is reflected in early Greek Linear B tablets as "a-ku-pi-ti-yo". The ancient Egyptian name of the country was.

Main article: History of Egypt. Main articles: Prehistoric Egypt and Ancient Egypt. Main articles: Ptolemaic Kingdom and Egypt Roman province.

Main article: Egypt in the Middle Ages. Main article: Egypt Eyalet. Main article: History of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty.

Main article: Khedivate of Egypt. Main article: Sultanate of Egypt. Main article: Kingdom of Egypt.

Main article: History of the Republic of Egypt. Main article: Egyptian revolution of Main article: Geography of Egypt.

Main article: Climate of Egypt. Main article: Wildlife of Egypt. Main article: Politics of Egypt. Main article: Egyptian Civil Code. Main article: Human rights in Egypt.

Main articles: Governorates of Egypt and Subdivisions of Egypt. Governorates of Egypt. Matrouh 2. Alexandria 3.

Beheira 4. Kafr El Sheikh 5. Dakahlia 6. Damietta 7. Port Said 8. North Sinai 9. Gharbia Monufia Qalyubia Sharqia Ismailia Giza Faiyum Cairo Suez South Sinai Beni Suef Minya New Valley Asyut Red Sea Sohag Qena Luxor Main article: Economy of Egypt.

Main article: Tourism in Egypt. Main article: Energy in Egypt. Main article: Transport in Egypt. Main article: Suez Canal. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Egypt.

Main articles: Demographics of Egypt and Egyptians. Main article: Languages of Egypt. Main article: Religion in Egypt.

See also: List of cities and towns in Egypt. Largest cities or towns in Egypt census. Main article: Culture of Egypt.

Main article: Egyptian literature. Main article: Media of Egypt. Main article: Cinema of Egypt. Main article: Music of Egypt. Main article: List of museums in Egypt.

Main article: Egyptian cuisine. Main article: Telecommunications in Egypt. Main article: Egypt Post. Main article: Education in Egypt. Main article: Health in Egypt.

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Egypt

Egypt Video

Weirdest \u0026 Strangest of Ancient Egypt - Full Documentary

The wall paintings done in the service of the Pharaohs followed a rigid code of visual rules and meanings. Egyptian civilisation is renowned for its colossal pyramids , temples and monumental tombs.

Well-known examples are the Pyramid of Djoser designed by ancient architect and engineer Imhotep , the Sphinx , and the temple of Abu Simbel. Modern and contemporary Egyptian art can be as diverse as any works in the world art scene, from the vernacular architecture of Hassan Fathy and Ramses Wissa Wassef , to Mahmoud Mokhtar 's sculptures, to the distinctive Coptic iconography of Isaac Fanous.

The Cairo Opera House serves as the main performing arts venue in the Egyptian capital. Egyptian literature traces its beginnings to ancient Egypt and is some of the earliest known literature.

Indeed, the Egyptians were the first culture to develop literature as we know it today, that is, the book. Egyptian novelists and poets were among the first to experiment with modern styles of Arabic literature , and the forms they developed have been widely imitated throughout the Arab world.

Egyptian women writers include Nawal El Saadawi , well known for her feminist activism , and Alifa Rifaat who also writes about women and tradition.

Egyptian media are highly influential throughout the Arab World , attributed to large audiences and increasing freedom from government control.

Egyptian cinema became a regional force with the coming of sound. In , Studio Misr , financed by industrialist Talaat Harb , emerged as the leading Egyptian studio, a role the company retained for three decades.

Actors from all over the Arab world seek to appear in the Egyptian cinema for the sake of fame. The Cairo International Film Festival has been rated as one of 11 festivals with a top class rating worldwide by the International Federation of Film Producers' Associations.

Egyptian music is a rich mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African and Western elements. It has been an integral part of Egyptian culture since antiquity.

The ancient Egyptians credited one of their gods Hathor with the invention of music , which Osiris in turn used as part of his effort to civilise the world.

Egyptians used music instruments since then. Contemporary Egyptian music traces its beginnings to the creative work of people such as Abdu al-Hamuli , Almaz and Mahmoud Osman, who influenced the later work of Sayed Darwish , Umm Kulthum , Mohammed Abdel Wahab and Abdel Halim Hafez whose age is considered the golden age of music in Egypt and the whole Arab world.

Today, Egypt is often considered the home of belly dance. Egyptian belly dance has two main styles — raqs baladi and raqs sharqi.

There are also numerous folkloric and character dances that may be part of an Egyptian-style belly dancer's repertoire, as well as the modern shaabi street dance which shares some elements with raqs baladi.

Egypt has one of the oldest civilisations in the world. It has been in contact with many other civilisations and nations and has been through so many eras, starting from prehistoric age to the modern age, passing through so many ages such as; Pharonic, Roman, Greek, Islamic and many other ages.

Because of this wide variation of ages, the continuous contact with other nations and the big number of conflicts Egypt had been through, at least 60 museums may be found in Egypt, mainly covering a wide area of these ages and conflicts.

The Grand Egyptian Museum GEM , also known as the Giza Museum, is an under construction museum that will house the largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts in the world, it has been described as the world's largest archaeological museum.

The Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty announced in May that the museum will be partially opened in May Egypt celebrates many festivals and religious carnivals, also known as mulid.

They are usually associated with a particular Coptic or Sufi saint, but are often celebrated by Egyptians irrespective of creed or religion.

Ramadan has a special flavour in Egypt, celebrated with sounds, lights local lanterns known as fawanees and much flare that many Muslim tourists from the region flock to Egypt to witness during Ramadan.

Egyptian cuisine is notably conducive to vegetarian diets, as it relies heavily on legume and vegetable dishes. Although food in Alexandria and the coast of Egypt tends to use a great deal of fish and other seafood, for the most part Egyptian cuisine is based on foods that grow out of the ground.

Meat has been very expensive for most Egyptians throughout history, so a great number of vegetarian dishes have been developed.

Some consider kushari a mixture of rice, lentils, and macaroni to be the national dish. Fried onions can be also added to kushari.

In addition, ful medames mashed fava beans is one of the most popular dishes. Garlic fried with coriander is added to molokhiya , a popular green soup made from finely chopped jute leaves, sometimes with chicken or rabbit.

Football is the most popular national sport of Egypt. The Cairo Derby is one of the fiercest derbies in Africa, and the BBC picked it as one of the 7 toughest derbies in the world.

They're known as the " African Club of the Century ". With twenty titles, Al Ahly is currently the world's most successful club in terms of international trophies, surpassing Italy's A.

Milan and Argentina's Boca Juniors , both having eighteen. The Egyptian national football team , known as the Pharaohs, won the African Cup of Nations seven times, including three times in a row in , , and Egypt was 4th place in the football tournament in the and the Olympics.

Squash and tennis are other popular sports in Egypt. The Egyptian squash team has been competitive in international championships since the s.

Amr Shabana and Ramy Ashour are Egypt's best players and both were ranked the world's number one squash player. Egypt has won the Squash World Championships four times, with the last title being in In , the national handball team achieved its best result in the tournament by reaching fourth place.

Among all African nations, the Egypt national basketball team holds the record for best performance at the Basketball World Cup and at the Summer Olympics.

Egypt has taken part in the Summer Olympic Games since and hosted and Alexandria h the first Mediterranean Games in Egypt has hosted several international competitions.

On Friday 19 September , Guinness World Records announced that Egyptian scuba diver Ahmed Gabr is the new title holder for deepest salt water scuba dive , at The hour feat took Gabr 1, feet metres down into the abyss near the Egyptian town of Dahab in the Red Sea , where he works as a diving instructor.

On 1 September Raneem El Weleily was ranked as the world number one woman squash player. The wired and wireless telecommunication industry in Egypt started in with the launch of the country's first telegram line connecting Cairo and Alexandria.

The first telephone line between the two cities was installed in Egypt Post is the company responsible for postal service in Egypt.

Established in , it is one of the oldest governmental institutions in the country. Egypt is one of 21 countries that contributed to the establishment of the Universal Postal Union , initially named the General Postal Union, as signatory of the Treaty of Bern.

In September , Egypt ratified the law granting authorities the right to monitor social media users in the country as part of tightening internet controls.

The illiteracy rate has decreased since from A European-style education system was first introduced in Egypt by the Ottomans in the early 19th century to nurture a class of loyal bureaucrats and army officers.

In the s, President Nasser phased in free education for all Egyptians. Basic education, which includes six years of primary and three years of preparatory school, is a right for Egyptian children from the age of six.

General secondary education prepares students for further education, and graduates of this track normally join higher education institutes based on the results of the Thanaweya Amma , the leaving exam.

Technical secondary education has two strands, one lasting three years and a more advanced education lasting five.

Graduates of these schools may have access to higher education based on their results on the final exam, but this is generally uncommon.

Egyptian life expectancy at birth was Egypt spends 3. In , there were As a result of modernisation efforts over the years, Egypt's healthcare system has made great strides forward.

Life expectancy increased from According to the World Health Organization in , an estimated In the law was amended to impose tougher penalties on those convicted of performing the procedure, pegging the highest jail term at 15 years.

Those who escort victims to the procedure can also face jail terms up to 3 years. The total number of Egyptians with health insurance reached 37 million in , of which 11 million are minors, providing an insurance coverage of approximately 52 percent of Egypt's population.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Egypt disambiguation. Country spanning Northern Africa and Western Asia.

Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation". It is reflected in early Greek Linear B tablets as "a-ku-pi-ti-yo".

The ancient Egyptian name of the country was. Main article: History of Egypt. Main articles: Prehistoric Egypt and Ancient Egypt. Main articles: Ptolemaic Kingdom and Egypt Roman province.

Main article: Egypt in the Middle Ages. Main article: Egypt Eyalet. Main article: History of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty. Main article: Khedivate of Egypt.

Main article: Sultanate of Egypt. Main article: Kingdom of Egypt. Main article: History of the Republic of Egypt. Main article: Egyptian revolution of Main article: Geography of Egypt.

Main article: Climate of Egypt. Main article: Wildlife of Egypt. Main article: Politics of Egypt. Main article: Egyptian Civil Code. Main article: Human rights in Egypt.

Main articles: Governorates of Egypt and Subdivisions of Egypt. Governorates of Egypt. Matrouh 2. Alexandria 3. Beheira 4.

Kafr El Sheikh 5. Dakahlia 6. Damietta 7. Port Said 8. North Sinai 9. Gharbia Monufia Qalyubia Sharqia Ismailia Giza Faiyum Cairo Suez South Sinai Beni Suef Minya New Valley Asyut Red Sea Sohag Qena Luxor Main article: Economy of Egypt.

Main article: Tourism in Egypt. Main article: Energy in Egypt. Main article: Transport in Egypt. Main article: Suez Canal.

Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Egypt. Main articles: Demographics of Egypt and Egyptians. Main article: Languages of Egypt. Main article: Religion in Egypt.

See also: List of cities and towns in Egypt. Largest cities or towns in Egypt census. Main article: Culture of Egypt. Main article: Egyptian literature.

Main article: Media of Egypt. Main article: Cinema of Egypt. Main article: Music of Egypt. Main article: List of museums in Egypt.

Main article: Egyptian cuisine. Main article: Telecommunications in Egypt. Main article: Egypt Post. Main article: Education in Egypt.

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In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation. For most of their history, Egypt has been a state, but only in recent years has it been truly a nation-state, with a government claiming the allegiance of its subjects on the basis of a common identity.

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Archived from the original PDF on 10 October Retrieved 25 July The 13th dynasty marked the beginning of another unsettled period in Egyptian history, during which a rapid succession of kings failed to consolidate power.

As a consequence, during the Second Intermediate Period Egypt was divided into several spheres of influence. The official royal court and seat of government was relocated to Thebes, while a rival dynasty the 14th , centered on the city of Xois in the Nile delta, seems to have existed at the same time as the 13th.

The Hyksos rulers of the 15th dynasty adopted and continued many of the existing Egyptian traditions in government as well as culture. They ruled concurrently with the line of native Theban rulers of the 17th dynasty, who retained control over most of southern Egypt despite having to pay taxes to the Hyksos.

The 16th dynasty is variously believed to be Theban or Hyksos rulers. Conflict eventually flared between the two groups, and the Thebans launched a war against the Hyksos around B.

Under Ahmose I, the first king of the 18th dynasty, Egypt was once again reunited. During the 18th dynasty, Egypt restored its control over Nubia and began military campaigns in Palestine , clashing with other powers in the area such as the Mitannians and the Hittites.

In addition to powerful kings such as Amenhotep I B. The controversial Amenhotep IV c. The 19th and 20th dynasties, known as the Ramesside period for the line of kings named Ramses saw the restoration of the weakened Egyptian empire and an impressive amount of building, including great temples and cities.

According to biblical chronology, the exodus of Moses and the Israelites from Egypt possibly occurred during the reign of Ramses II B. All of the New Kingdom rulers with the exception of Akhenaton were laid to rest in deep, rock-cut tombs not pyramids in the Valley of the Kings, a burial site on the west bank of the Nile opposite Thebes.

Most of them were raided and destroyed, with the exception of the tomb and treasure of Tutankhamen c. The splendid mortuary temple of the last great king of the 20th dynasty, Ramses III c.

The kings who followed Ramses III were less successful: Egypt lost its provinces in Palestine and Syria for good and suffered from foreign invasions notably by the Libyans , while its wealth was being steadily but inevitably depleted.

The next years—known as the Third Intermediate Period—saw important changes in Egyptian politics, society and culture. The 22nd dynasty began around B.

Many local rulers were virtually autonomous during this period and dynasties are poorly documented. In the eighth century B. Under Kushite rule, Egypt clashed with the growing Assyrian empire.

In B. One of them, Necho of Sais, ruled briefly as the first king of the 26th dynasty before being killed by the Kushite leader Tanuatamun, in a final, unsuccessful grab for power.

Persian rulers such as Darius B. The tyrannical rule of Xerxes B. One of these rebellions triumphed in B. In the mid-fourth century B.

Barely a decade later, in B. The conquest of Egypt by the Arabs in the seventh century A. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. King Tutankhamun or Tutankhamen ruled Egypt as pharaoh for 10 years until his death at age 19, around B.

The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years B. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but is known as the age in which the polis, or city-state, was The amazing works of art and architecture known as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World serve as a testament to the ingenuity, imagination and sheer hard work of which human beings are capable.

They are also, however, reminders of the human capacity for disagreement, Beginning in the eighth century B. Among the many legacies After almost a decade of painstaking work, conservators in Egypt have revealed the newly revamped tomb of Tutankhamen, better known as King Tut.

In addition to cleaning and restoring the paintings that adorn the walls of the tomb, the combined efforts of the Getty Conservation Who was King Tutankhamun, the occupant of the burial chamber who ruled 3, In around B.

Most of all, Pericles paid artisans to build temples Cleopatra was not Egyptian. But while she was born in Alexandria, Cleopatra was actually part of a long line of Greek Macedonians originally descended from Ptolemy I, one

Die Seine nahm die Überlebenden auf und brachte sie nach Brest. Sportwetten Profi Strategie wurde für sechs Monate von seinem Posten als Kapitän suspendiert. Schiffsdaten Flagge. Liaison-Office Spielorte Em 2020 Charlottenstr. Egypt: a Child who Survived Exploitation Shares Communications Workshop April Jetzt Bildergalerie ansehen. Sources and Definitions for Country Facts and Figures. Alle Veranstaltungen. Transportkapazitäten Zugelassene Passagierzahl. Alle Meldungen. InIOM opened its Country Office for Egypt in Cairo to assist third-country nationals forcefully displaced by the BjГ¶rn Franken War through voluntary repatriation, or resettlement in third countries. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Diesem Zweck diente sie von August bis Juni Die Dreifachexpansions- Dampfmaschinen leisteten Legal workshop Jetzt Bildergalerie ansehen.

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